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Day 2 - Camera features and accessories, Assign first Project

Begins On: September 26th 2018

Basic Shooting techniques

  • Basic use of the camera:
    • Why you should press the button down half-way
    • What happens when you shoot a picture
    • Auto Focus and how to make sure your subject is in focus even though it may not be in the center of the frame
    • Review Zooming and interchangeable lenses, Focal length
    • Turning on and off the built-in flash
  • Previewing your photos, deleting photos

Pushing the button halfway

Push button down halfway at first to focus, set exposure, and WB.  The camera will focus on what it can see easiest and what is in the middle, so put your subject in the middle.  You can lock the focus by holding the button down and re-composing.

More on lenses, focal length, auto_focus, operation

The lens on your camera controls how your camera sees the world. Most cameras have a zoom lens which means it can be set to various settings, but either way, the setting or lens will not only control the viewable angle of what you see through the camera, but it also affects the way objects appear.

How to use Flash

Most cameras come complete with a built-in flash that can provide light in situations that are too dark for the camera to see properly.  The way the flash interacts with your scene can be unpredictable.  There are various modes to help you control the flash and how it looks.  Also, flash is often helpful in situations for which the camera wouldn't automatically choose to use it, so the flash modes gives you control to force the flash to fire, even in the bright sun. 

macro features

Macro photography simply means shooting subjects very close up. This requires special modes and sometimes special lenses, but can be very exciting and suprising when you see the results.  We'll learn about how to shoot close-ups. 

Getting the right Exposure

  1. Basic Exposure concepts (sunburn analogy), Shutter speed, Aperture, ISO.
  2. Sunburn Analogy
  3. Shutter speeds and apertures control time and amount of light exposure
  4. Shutter speeds and apertures are set up to double or halve the next value
  5. Equivalent Exposure concepts
  6. Many combinations are possible for the EV
  7. Considerations about aesthetics will help you determine which combination is right. Depth of field and stop action
  8. How the light meter works
  9. When backlighting or bright subjects will make the light meter incorrect 
  10. Exposure Compensation ideas.
  11. Exposure Compensation Method 1 (EV lock)
  12. Exposure Compensation Method 2 (EV adjustment) 
  13. Slow Flash with other ambient lighting

Assign Project 1 to be done this Weekend